Second Hellenic Republic

1924 - 1935



second hellenic republic

The Second Hellenic Republic is the term used to describe the political regime of Greece from 1924 to 1935. It followed from the period of "crowned republic" under the monarchs of the GlÜcksburg dynasty, and lasted until its overthrow in a military coup d´état which restored the monarchy. The Second Republic marks the second period in modern Greek history where Greece was not headed by a king, with the assemblies and provisional governments of the Greek Revolution being regarded as the First Republic.
The Second Republic was proclaimed on 25 March 1924, in the aftermath of Greece´s defeat by Turkey in the Asia Minor Campaign, which was widely blamed on the royalist government. During its brief existence, the Second Republic proved unstable. Greek society continued to divided, as it was since the National Schism, between the pro-Republican Venizelists and the monarchists represented by the People's Party, who refused to acknowledge even the legitimacy of the Republic. The cleavage in society extended to cultural and social issues such as differences over the use of Greek language to architectural styles. To this polarization was added the destabilizing involvement of the military in politics which resulted in several coups and attempted coups. The economy was in ruins following a decade of warfare and was unable to support the 1.5 million refugees from the population exchange with Turkey. Despite the efforts of the reformist government of Eleftherios Venizelos in 1928-1932, the Great Depression had disastrous impact on Greece's economy. The electoral victory of the People's Party in 1933, and two failed Venizelist coups, paved the way to the restoration of King George II.

Year Value Mint Quantity Face View Back View Comments
1926 20.000.000 Vienna 20 Lepta second hellenic republic - 20 lepta 1926 second hellenic republic - 20 lepta 1926 Engraver:
Richard Placht


Year Value Mint Quantity Face View Back View Comments
1926 20.000.000 Vienna 50 Lepta second hellenic republic - 50 lepta 1926 second hellenic republic - 50 lepta 1926

Engraver:
Richard Placht

1926 B' 20.000.000 Vienna 50 Lepta


Year Value Mint Quantity Face View Back View Comments
1926 20.000.000 Vienna 1 Drachma second hellenic republic - 1 drachma 1926 second hellenic republic - 1 drachma 1926

Engraver:
Richard Placht

1926 B' 20.000.000 Vienna 1 Drachma


Year Value Mint Quantity Face View Back View Comments
1926 22.000.000 Vienna 2 Drachmas second hellenic republic - 2 drachmas 1926 second hellenic republic - 2 drachmas 1926 Engraver:
Richard Placht


Year Value Mint Quantity Face View Back View Comments
1930 1.500.000 Brussels 5 Drachmas second hellenic republic - 5 drachmas 1930 second hellenic republic - 5 drachmas 1930

Engraver:
G. Krugel Gray

1930 23.500.000 London 5 Drachmas second hellenic republic - Mint london - brussels


Year Value Mint Quantity Face View Back View Comments
1930 7.500.000 London 10 Drachmas second hellenic republic - 10 drachmas 1930 second hellenic republic - 10 drachmas 1930 Engraver:
P. Metcalf


Year Value Mint Quantity Face View Back View Comments
1930 11.500.000 London 20 Drachmas second hellenic republic - 20 drachmas 1930 second hellenic republic - 20 drachmas 1930

Engraver:
P. Metcalf
L. Jones


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